体球网即时比分

李志成:民航專業危大工程施工安全專項方案管理的思考

摘 要:体球网即时比分長期以來,安全管理成為民航專業工程施工的難點和薄弱點,如何構建有效的施工安全管理體系,是促進民航專業工程建設發展的關鍵。本文結合民航專業工程的施工特點,對涉及民航專業危險性較大的分部分項工程的監管機制、方案編制、專家論證、驗收程序等管理現狀進行梳理,并提出加強民航專業工程施工安全專項管理的措施。

關鍵詞:民航工程;施工安全;方案編制;專家論證;管理對策

中圖分類號:TU714??? 文獻標志碼:A

作者簡介

李志成(1964-),男,四川達州人,本科,正高級工程師,注冊造價師,主要研究方向:工程項目管理與投資控制。

危險性較大的分部分項工程(簡稱“危大工程”)是指建設工程項目在施工全過程中存在的、可能導致作業人員群死群傷或造成重大經濟損失(或不良社會影響)的基坑、模板、腳手架、起重吊裝等分部分項工程。其中建設規模、安全風險和技術難度超過一定標準要求的分部分項工程又叫超過一定規模的危大工程(簡稱“超危大工程”),具有施工技術復雜、管理難度大,危害性更高、極易造成群死群傷事故及嚴重的經濟損失和重大社會影響等特點[1-2]体球网即时比分,是建筑施工安全生產管理的工作重點和難點內容。

YOUYULISHIDEYUANYIN,MINHANGZHUANYEWEIDAGONGCHENGDESHIGONGANQUANZHUANXIANGGUANLIGONGZUOQIBUJIAOWAN,GUANKONGDESHOUDUANHEFANGFAJIANDAN,CUNZAI“ANQUANJIANCHABUYANGE、XINGZHENGZHIFABUDOUYING,YINHUANZHENGGAIZOUXINGSHI”DEXIANXIANG,ZUOHAODUICHAOGUIMOWEIDAGONGCHENGDEANQUANGUANKONG,YUFANGHEEZHIANQUANSHENGCHANSHIGUDEFASHENG,YICHENGWEICANJIANZERENZHUTI(JIANSHE、KANCHA、SHEJI、SHIGONG、JIANLI、DISANFANGJIANCEHEPINGSHENZHUANJIADENGDANWEIHUOXIANGGUANGEREN)HEJIANSHEXINGZHENGJIANGUANBUMEN(ANJIANZHANHUOZHIJIANZHAN)GUANZHUDEZHONGDIANWENTI。

1 民航專業工程范圍的界定

体球网即时比分2001NIAN12YUE5RIMINHANGZONGJU、JIANSHEBU《GUANYUMINHANGJIANSHEGONGCHENGZHAOTOUBIAOGUANLIHEZHILIANGJIANDUGONGZUOZHIZEFENGONGDETONGZHI》(MINHANGFA[2001]229HAOWEN,YIXIAJIANCHENG《FENGONGTONGZHI》),SHOUCIMINGQUELEMINHANGZHUANYEYUFEIMINHANGZHUANYEDEFANWEI,2003NIAN3YUE31RIMINHANGZONGJUBANGONGTING、ZHUJIANBUBANGONGTINGXIAFA《GUANYUMINHANGJIANSHEGONGCHENGZHAOTOUBIAOGUANLIHEZHILIANGJIANDUGONGZUOZHIZEFENGONGDEBUCHONGTONGZHI》(ZONGJUTINGFA[2003]41HAOWEN),DUIMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDEHUAFENFANWEIJINXINGLEBUCHONGSHUOMING,2011NIAN3YUE4RIZHUJIANBUYUMINHANGJUFABUDE《GUANYUMINHANGJIANSHEGONGCHENGZHAOTOUBIAOGUANLIHEZHILIANGJIANDUGONGZUOZHIZEFENGONGDEBUCHONGTONGZHI》(MINHANGFA[2011]34HAOWEN,YIXIAJIANCHENG《BUCHONGFENGONGTONGZHI》),MINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDEFANWEIJIEDINGWEIRUXIANEIRONG:

(1)MINHANGCHANGDAOGONGCHENG。BAOKUOFEIXINGQUTUSHIFANG(BUHANTIANHAI)、DIJICHULI、JICHU、DAOMIAN,FEIXINGQUPAISHUI、QIAOLIANG、HANSUI、XIAOFANGGUANWANG、GUANGOUGUANLANG,FEIXINGQUFUWUCHEDAO、XUNCHANGLU、WEIJIEJIJIANKONGANFANGDENGGONGCHENG。

(2)MINHANGKONGGUANGONGCHENG。BAOKUOQUYUGUANZHIZHONGXIN、ZHONGDUAN(JINJIN)GUANZHIZHONGXINHETATAIJIANSHE,TONGXIN、DAOHANG、JIANSHIXITONG,KONGQIXIANG,HANGXINGQINGBAODENGGONGCHENG。

(3)MINHANGMUSHIZHUHANGGONGCHENG。BAOKUOJICHANGZHUHANGDENGGUANGJIJIANKONGXITONG,FEIXINGQUBIAOZHIBIAOJIPAI,ZHUHANGDENGGUANGBIANDIANZHANHEFEIXINGQUGONGDIAN,BOWEIYINDAOXITONGJIMUSHIZHUHANGFUZHUSHESHIDENGGONGCHENG。

(4)HANGZHANLOU、HUOYUNZHANDEGONGYILIUCHENGJIMINHANGZHUANYERUODIANXITONGGONGCHENG。QIZHONGMINHANGZHUANYERUODIANXITONGBAOKUOXINXIJICHENG、HANGBANXINXIXIANSHI、LIGANGKONGZHI、BOWEIYINDAO、ANJIANXINXIGUANLI、BIAOSHIYINDAO、XINGLICHULI、ANQUANJIANCHA、ZHIJIYINDAO、DENGJIMENXIANSHI、LVKEWENXUN、WANGLUOJIAOHUAN、GONGGONGGUANGBO、ANQUANFANGFAN、ZHUSHIZHONG、NEIBUTONGXUN、HUJIAOZHONGXIN(HANDIANHUAZIDONGWENXUN),YIJIFEIXINGQUNEIGELEIZHUANYERUODIANXITONG。

体球网即时比分(5)HANGKONGGONGYOUGONGCHENG。BAOKUOHANGKONGJIAYOUZHAN、JIPINGSHUYOUGUANXIAN,JICHANGYOUKU、ZHONGZHUANYOUKU(BUHANTUJIAN),CHANGWAISHUYOUGUANXIAN、XIEYOUZHAN(BUHANMATOUSHUIGONGHETIELUZHUANYONGXIAN),FEIXINGQUNEIDIMIANSHEBEIJIAYOUZHANDENGGONGCHENG。

2 民航專業工程的施工特點

MINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGGUISHUYUGUOJIADAJIAOTONGYUNSHUGONGCHENGFANCHOU,SHISHEHUIFAZHANHEGUOMINJINGJIDEZHONGYAOJICHUXINGSHESHI,YUQITAXINGYEGONGCHENGXIANGMUXIANGBI,BUJINJIANSHEGUIMOHETOUZIZONGEJIAODA,ERQIEJUYOUTESHUDEZISHENSHUXING。

体球网即时比分2.1 ZHUNGONGGONGJICHUSHESHISHUXINGTUCHU,ANQUANGUANLIZERENZHONGDA。YOUYUMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGJUYOUCHENGSHICHUANGKOUXINGXIANGDEZHUNGONGGONGJICHUSHESHISHUXING,YUDIFANGJINGJIDEFAZHANHEDUIWAIKAIFANGCHENGDUDEGUANLIANMIQIE,DANGDIZHENGFUDUIJICHANGJIANSHEDETOUZIREQINGJIAOGAO,CHANGCHANGJIANGJICHANGJIANSHELIEWEIZHONGDIANXIANGMUYUYIKAOLV,YINCISHOUSHEHUIGEJIEDEGUANZHUDUGAO,JIANSHESHIGONGANQUANDEZERENZHONGDA。

体球网即时比分2.2 TUFANGGONGCHENGLIANGJUDAQIESHIGONGZHOUQICHANG,ANQUANSHOUZIRANHUANJINGYINGXIANGDA。JICHANGXUANZHICHUYUANQUANHEJISHUYINSUDEKAOLV,ZAIMANZUKONGYUYOUXIANTIAOJIANXIAHUIYAOQIUYUANLICHENGSHIBINGJINKENENGJIEYUELIANGDI,YIBANXUANZEZAIQIULINGDIDAISHEJIWASHANTIANGOU,XUANZEJINHAIQUSHEJITIANHAIZAODI,QISHUIWENHUANJING、DISHIDIMAO、DIZHITIAOJIANJIAOWEIFUZA,BAOPOZUOYE、RUANDIJI、GAOQIEPO、SHENJIKENGJIQIANGHANGHUITIANCHULIDENGDUISHIGONGZHOUQIDEYINGXIANGJIAODA,YIFASHENGSHIGONGANQUANSHIGU。

体球网即时比分2.3 XIANCHANGJIAOCHAZUOYEGANRAODA,SHIGONGANQUANMAODUNWENTITUCHU。DAXINGJICHANGMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDETOUZIEDA,BIAODUANHUAFENDUO,GONGQIJIN、RENWUZHONG,ZAITONGYIZUOYEQUYUPINGMIAN、LITIJIAOCHASHIGONGDEZHUANYEDUIWUDUO、GECANJIANDANWEIDUISHIGONGANQUANDEZHONGSHICHENGDUBUTONG,JIAZHIXIANCHANGGONGXUFUZA,XINSHEBEI、XINGONGYI、XINJISHUYUNYONGDEBUQUEDINGXING,QIANQUANYINHUANBUYIPAICHU,YIDANCHUXIANXIEDIAOGUANLIBUDANG,JIYIZAOCHENGANQUANWEIXIAN。

2.4 BUTINGHANGSHIGONGDEWEIXIANCHENGDUGAO,ANQUANGUANLIYALIDA。ZAIFEIXINGQUNEIJINXINGMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDEGAIKUOJIANRENWUSHI,SHEJIBUTINGHANGSHIGONGDEANQUANYINSUJIAODUO,YEJIANZUOYEDETIAOJIANCHA、XIAOLVDI、SHIJIANDUAN,ANQUANFENGXIANXISHUGAO,GUANLIYALIJIAODA,JIYAOYUFANGSHIGONGDUIFEIXINGQIZHENGCHANGSHENGCHANDEYINGXIANGWENTI(KONGFANGANQUAN),YOUYAOZUOHAOSHIGONGZISHENDEANQUANBAOZHANG(SHIGONGANQUAN)GONGZUO。

3 民航專業工程的安全管理現狀

体球网即时比分2001NIANMINHANGZONGJUYUJIANSHEBUDE《FENGONGTONGZHI》(MINHANGFA[2001]229HAO)DUIMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDEZHAOTOUBIAOHEZHILIANGJIANDUGONGZUOZHIZEJINXINGLEFENGONGMINGQUE,DUIANQUANGUANLIZHIZEWEIYUTIJI,ZAOCHENGMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDESHIGONGANQUANJIANDUJIBENCHUYUWUXUGUANLIZHUANGTAI,2011NIANZHUJIANBUHEMINHANGJUFABUDE《BUCHONGFENGONGTONGZHI》(MINHANGFA[2011]34HAO)MINGQUEMINHANGJUFUZEMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDESHIGONGANQUANJIANDUGUANLIGONGZUO,BINGYU2012NIANZHENGSHIJIANGSHIGONGANQUANDEXIANCHANGJIANCHA、SHIGUDIAOCHACHULI、XINXITONGJIFENXI、XINJISHUTUIGUANGDENGANQUANGUANLIDEZHIDAOJIANDUZHIZEJIAOYOUMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGZHILIANGJIANDUGUANLIZONGZHANZUZHISHISHI。

3.1民航專業工程建設安全管理工作體系

体球网即时比分MINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGJIANSHEDEANQUANGUANLIZHUYAOSHEJIKONGFANGANQUAN、XIAOFANGANQUAN、ZHIANANQUANHESHIGONGANQUANSIDAANQUANGONGZUOTIXI,TAMENZHIJIANSHIXIANGHUYICUN、HUYOUYINGXIANGDEGUANXI。QIZHONGSHIGONGANQUANDEGUANLIMUBIAOSHI:BUFASHENGYINSHIGONGANQUANGUANLIZERENZAOCHENGDESHIGONGANQUANZHONGDA(HAN)YISHANGSHANGWANGSHIGU,BUFASHENGYINSHIGONGANQUANGUANLIZERENZAOCHENGDEHANGKONGDIMIANSHIGUHUOSHIGUZHENGHOU。ZHONGDIANZAIYUBAKONGFEIXINGQUBUTINGHANGSHIGONGDEGUANLIJIWEIDAGONGCHENGHUOCHAOWEIDAGONGCHENGDEZHUANXIANGANQUANGUANLI。

表1? 民航專業工程安全管理四大體系

序號 分類 安全管理工作重點 備注
1 空防安全 嚴格背景調查、嚴格證件辦理、嚴管飛控現場、筑牢空防安全“防御線”。 以預防為主,做到防微杜漸。
2 消防安全 構建消防安全標準化管理體系,落實施工單位的消防安全主體責任,筑牢消防安全“防火線”。
3 治安管理 細化“網格化”巡防體系和完善“群防群治”隊伍,健全矛盾糾紛排查及群體性事件快速反應等機制,筑牢治安安全“管控網”。
4 施工安全 全面落實安全技術交底、三級教育培訓、常態化開展隱患排查和風險防控,筑牢安全生產“底線”。 重點把控不停航施工和危大工程的施工安全。

3.2民航專業危大工程施工安全管理現狀

據相關部門不完全統計,在房屋建筑和市政基礎設施工程建設領域發生死亡3人以上的較大安全事故中,高處墜落、物體打擊、坍塌沉陷、機械傷害、車輛傷害和觸電等六類事故類型在建設施工安全事故中的占比高達90%以上[4]体球网即时比分,尤其涉及基坑坍塌、模板及支撐體系、腳手架、起重吊裝及安裝拆卸等民航專業危大工程范圍內的比例較大,說明對危大工程的安全管理存在一定的問題和差距。

(1)BUFENXIANGMUCANJIANGEFANGZHUTIZERENLUOSHIBUDAOWEI。BUFENJIANSHEDANWEIANQUANGUANLIZHONGSHIBUDAOWEI,ANQUANWENMINGFEIBOFUBUJISHI,WEIANGUIDINGBANLIXIANGMUJIANSHEXIANGGUANBEIANSHOUXU,WEICANYUDUIWEIDAGONGCHENGQUANGUOCHENGGUANLI。BUFENSHIGONGDANWEIXIANGMUANQUANGUANLITIXIBUJIANQUAN,ANQUANZILIAOZHENSHIXINGBUQIANG,WEIYANGEZHIXINGANQUANYINHUAN“RIZHOUYUE”PAICHAZHILIZHIDU,JIAOSHOUJIAJIMOBANZHICHENGTIXIDASHEBUGUIFAN,TEZHONGSHEBEIWEIBAOBUDAOWEI。BUFENJIANLIDANWEIDUISHIGONGXIANCHANGANQUANYINHUANDUCUZHENGGAIBULI,JIANLIXIZEQUEFAZHENDUIXING,JIANLIRIZHIYAOSUBUQIQUAN。

体球网即时比分(2)SHIGONGXIANCHANG“WEIDAGONGCHENG”ANQUANGUANKONGBUDAOWEI。BUFENCANJIANGEFANGZERENZHUTIWEIYANGEGUANCHEZHIXINGZHUJIANBULINGDI37HAO,WEIDAGONGCHENGZHUANXIANGFANGANSHENPICHENGXUBUWANSHAN,NEIRONGQUEFAZHENDUIXING,WEIDAGONGCHENGSHIGONGQIANWEIJINXINGFANGANHUOJISHUJIAODI,JIANLIPANGZHANDEGUIDINGXINGTONGXUSHE。

体球网即时比分(3)XIANGMUGUANJIANGANGWEIRENYUANJITEZHONGZUOYERENYUANDAOGANGLVZHIBUDAOWEI。WEIDAGONGCHENGSHIGONGQIJIANBUFENXIANGMUJINGLI、ZONGJIAN、ZHUANZHIANQUANYUANBUZAICHANG,LVZHIJILUBUQUAN,JIANCHAJILUDAIQIAN,GEBIETEZHONGZUOYERENYUANYUBEIANDENGJIRENYUANBUXIANGFU。

(4)XINGYEJIANGUANBUMENDEJIANGUANLIDUJIAORUO。ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIGUANLIRENSHOUSHAO、QUEFAJISHUGUIFANBAOZHANG,YINERZAOCHENGDUISHIGONGXIANCHANGCHAOGUIMOWEIDAGONGCHENGSHIGONGZHIDAOBUDAOWEI,DUIFAXIANDEANQUANYINHUANCHUFALIDUBUGOU,DAOZHIQIYEWEIFACHENGBENJIAODI。

4民航專業工程的危大工程范圍及安全要求

体球网即时比分JINNIANLAI,MINHANGJICHANGSHULIANGCHIXUZENGCHANG,JICHANGGUIMODEBUDUANKUODA,JICHANGJIANSHEYUGUANLILINIANDEZHUANBIAN,DUIMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDEJIANSHESHUIPINGTICHULEYUELAIYUEGAODEYAOQIU,SHIGONGZHONGSHENJIKENG、GAOTIANFANG、GAOBIANPO、GAODANGQIANG、XIACHUANHANSUI、HUAXINGDAOQIAOLIANGDENGWEIDAGONGCHENGDEBILIZAISHANGSHENG,XIANGYINGDESHIGONGANQUANFENGXIANZAIZENGJIA。WEILEXIAOCHUKENENGDEANQUANYINHUAN,JIANGDIANQUANFENGXIAN,ZAIXIANGMUKAIGONGQIANXUDUIGONGCHENGSHIGONGKENENGCHUXIANDEFENGXIANHEYINHUANJINXINGPINGGU,BINGTICHUQIESHIKEXINGDEANQUANZHUANXIANGSHIGONGFANGAN。

4.1 危大工程的安全管理基本制度

WEIDAGONGCHENGSHIJIANSHEXIANGMUSHIGONGANQUANGUANLIDEZHONGDIANNEIRONG,ZUOWEIYIXIANGANQUANJIANGUANZHIDUSHIYU2004NIANJIANSHEBUFABUDE《WEIXIANXINGJIAODAGONGCHENGANQUANZHUANXIANGSHIGONGFANGANBIANZHIJIZHUANJIALUNZHENGSHENCHABANFA》(JIANZHI[2004]213HAO)HE2009NIANZHUJIANBUYINFADE《WEIXIANXINGJIAODADEFENBUFENXIANGGONGCHENGANQUANGUANLIBANFA》(JIANZHI[2009]87HAO),YOUXIAODECUJINLEANQUANGUANLIHEJISHUSHUIPINGDETISHENG,DUIEZHIWEIDAGONGCHENGANQUANSHIGUQIDAOLEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

2018NIAN3YUE8RIZHUJIANBUFABULEXINDE《WEIXIANXINGJIAODADEFENBUFENXIANGGONGCHENGANQUANGUANLIGUIDING》(ZHUJIANBU37HAOLING,YIXIAJIANCHENG《GUIDING》),JINYIBUJIEJUELEWEIDAGONGCHENGANQUANGUANLITIXIBUJIANQUAN、ANQUANGUANLIZERENBULUOSHI、FALVZERENHECHUFACUOSHIBUWANSHANDENGWENTI,BINGMINGQUESHIYONGYUFANGWUJIANZHUXINGYESHIZHENGJICHUSHESHIGONGCHENG。DANQIYIJULAIYUANSHI《JIANSHEGONGCHENGANQUANSHENGCHANTIAOLI》(GUOWUYUAN393HAOLING),QIZHONGDIERSHILIUTIAOGUIDINGDADAOYIDINGGUIMODEWEIDAGONGCHENGJIJIKENGZHIHUYUJIANGSHUIGONGCHENG、TUSHIFANGKAIWAGONGCHENG、MOBANGONGCHENG、QIZHONGDIAOZHUANGGONGCHENG、JIAOSHOUJIAGONGCHENG、CHAICHUBAOPOGONGCHENG、QITAWEIXIANXINGJIAODADEGONGCHENGXUYAOJINXINGFANGANGUANLI,FANWEIBIAOZHUNYOUGUOWUYUANJIANSHEXINGZHENGZHUGUANBUMENHUITONGYOUGUANBUMENZHIDINGJIANSHEGONGCHENGXINGZHENGFAGUIZUOCHUGUIDINGYAOQIU。TONGNIAN5YUE17RIZHUJIANBUBANGONGTINGYOUXIAFALE《GUANYUSHISHI<WEIXIANXINGJIAODADEFENBUFENXIANGGONGCHENGANQUANGUANLIGUIDING>YOUGUANWENTIDETONGZHI》(JIANBANZHI[2018]31HAOWEN,YIXIAJIANCHENG《TONGZHI》),DUIWEIDAGONGCHENGFANWEI、ZHUANXIANGSHIGONGFANGAN、ZHUANXIANGSHIGONGFANGANXIUGAI、JIANCEFANGAN、YANSHOURENYUAN、ZHUANJIATIAOJIAN、ZHUANJIAKUGUANLIDENGNEIRONGZUOLEXIANGYINGGUIDING。YOUCIKEZHI,CHUFANGWUHESHIZHENGWAIDEZHURUJIAOTONGYUNSHU、SHUILISHUIDIAN、MINHANGDENGQITA10LEIZHUANYEXINGYEDUIWEIDAGONGCHENGDEANQUANGUANLIKECANZHAOZHUJIANBU37HAOLING《GUIDING》HE31HAOWEN《TONGZHI》ZUZHISHISHI。

表2 民航專業危大工程范圍的劃分標準

序號 分部分項 危大工程判定條件 超危大工程判定條件
1 地基處理工程 1.回填邊坡高度H≥8m

2.HUAPOCHULI

3.擋土墻基礎

1.回填邊坡高度H≥12m

2.ZHONGXINGJIYISHANGHUAPOTICHULI

3.擋土墻基礎高度H≥6m且面積S≥1200m2

2 基坑工程 1.基坑(槽)深度H≥3m降水、支護、土方開挖

2.基坑(槽)深度H<3m但地質條件、周邊環境和地下管線復雜或影響比鄰建(構)筑物安全的土方開挖、支護及降水

基坑(槽)深度H≥5m降水、支護、土方開挖
3 混凝土模板及支撐體系 体球网即时比分1.工具式模板:滑模、爬模、飛模、隧道模等

2.HUNYITUMOBANJIZHICHENGGONGCHENG:

体球网即时比分(1)DASHEGAODUH≥5m

(2)DASHEKUADUL≥10m

(3)施工總荷載(設計值)Q≥10kN/m2

体球网即时比分(4)JIZHONGXIANHEZAI(SHEJIZHI)q≥15kN/m

(5)GAODUDAYUZHICHENGSHUIPINGTOUYINGKUANDUQIEXIANGDUIDULIWULIANXIGOUJIA

3.承重支撐體系:用于鋼結構安裝等滿堂支撐體系

1.工具式模板:滑模、爬模、飛模、隧道模等

2.HUNYITUMOBANJIZHICHENGGONGCHENG:

体球网即时比分(1)DASHEGAODUH≥8m

体球网即时比分(2)DASHEKUADUL≥18m

(3)施工總荷載(設計值)Q≥15kN/m2

(4)JIZHONGXIANHEZAI(SHEJIZHI)q≥20kN/m

3.承重支撐體系:用于鋼結構安裝等滿堂支撐體系,承受單點集中荷載≥7KN

4 起重吊裝及安裝拆卸工程 1.采用起重機械進行安裝的工程

2.QIZHONGJIXIEANZHUANG、CHAIXIE

3.采用非常規起重設備、方法且吊裝單件起重量G≥10KN

1.非常規吊裝,單件起重量G≥100KN

2.起重量G≥300kN起重設備安裝和搭設總高度H或基礎標高≥200m爬模起重設備安拆卸工程

5 腳手架

工程

体球网即时比分1.落地式鋼管腳手架H≥24m

体球网即时比分2.XUANTIAOSHIJIAOSHOUJIAH<20m

体球网即时比分3.DIAOLANJIXIN、YIXINGJIAOSHOUJIA

4.ZIZHIXIELIAOPINGTAI、YIDONGCAOZUOPINGTAI

5.附著式整體和分片升降腳手架

1.落地式鋼管腳手架H≥50m

2.FENDUANJIATIH≥20mXUANTIAOSHIJIAOSHOUJIA

3.FUZHUSHIZHENGTIHEFENPIANTISHENGH≥150m

4.作業面異形、復雜或無法按產品說明書要求安裝的高處作業吊籃工程

6 其他工程 1.人工挖擴孔樁工程

2.FEIXINGGELIQUNEIDEBUTINGHANGSHIGONG

3.JIANZHUMUQIANGANZHUANGGONGCHENG

4.JIANZHUWU、GOUZHUWUCHAICHUGONGCHENG

5.SHOUXIANKONGJIAN<3RENDEGUANXIANLIANLANG、PAISHUIXIANGHAN

6.DIXIAANWA、DINGGUANHUOGUANMUSHIGONG、SHUIXIAZUOYEGONGCHENG

7.采用新技術、新工藝、新材料、新設備可能影響施工安全,尚無相關技術標準的危大工程。

体球网即时比分1.人工挖擴孔樁深度H≥16m

2.FEIXINGGELIQUNEIDEBUTINGHANGSHIGONG

3.JIANZHUMUQIANGSHIGONGGAODUH≥50m

4.CAIYONGBAOPOCHAICHUDEGONGCHENG

5.SHOUXIANKONGJIAN≥3RENDEDIXIALIANLANG、PAISHUIXIANGHAN

6.DIXIAANWA、DINGGUANHUOGUANMUSHIGONG、SHUIXIAZUOYEGONGCHENG

7.采用新技術、新工藝、新材料、新設備可能影響施工安全,尚無相關技術標準的危大工程。

備注:体球网即时比分非常規設備、方法包括:采用自制起重設備、設施進行起重作業;2臺及以上起重設備聯合作業;流動式起重機帶載行走;采用滑排、滑軌、滾杠、地牛等措施進行水平位移;采用絞磨、卷揚機、葫蘆或液壓千斤頂等方式進行提升;人力起重工程。

4.2民航專業危大工程的劃分標準

MINHANGZHUANYEWEIDAGONGCHENGFANWEIDESHELIYUANZE:ZAIZHUJIANBUDI37HAOLINGHEZHUJIANBUBANGONGTING31HAOWENDEJICHUSHANG,YIMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGJIANSHEXIANGMUNEIRONGWEIDUIXIANG,JIEHESHISHIDEJICHANGJIANSHEGUIFANXINGWENJIAN、BIAOZHUN、GUIFAN,BAOZHENGQIKEXINGXING、YOUXIAOXING、KEXUEXING。

CONGZHUJIANBU31HAOWEN《TONGZHI》FUBIAOJIEDINGDEFANWEILAIKAN,WEIDAGONGCHENGZHUYAOYOUJIKENGGONGCHENG、MOBANGONGCHENGJIZHICHENGTIXI、QIZHONGDIAOZHUANGJIQIZHONGJIXIEANZHUANGCHAIXIEGONGCHENG、JIAOSHOUJIAGONGCHENG、CHAICHUGONGCHENG、ANWAGONGCHENG、QITAGONGCHENGDENG7GEFANGMIANDENEIRONG,MINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGHUANYINGBAOKUOBUTINGHANGSHIGONG、QIANGHANGHUITIAN、JIAOCHAZUOYE、SHOUXIANKONGJIANDENGQITAFENBUFENXIANGGONGCHENG。DUIYUXIANGTONGBUFENDEANQUANJIANCHAJIANDU,KECAIQU“JIEYONG”ZHUJIANBU37HAOLINGHE31HAOWENJINXINGGUANLI,BUTONGBUFENZEXUANXIANGYINGDEANQUANJISHUGUIFAN,JIANLIMINHANGZHUANYEWEIDAGONGCHENGDEGUANLIGUIDING,CONGERDUIWEIDAGONGCHENGDEJUTIFANWEIJINXINGJIEDING。TONGSHIJIANYIJIEHEQUANGUOGEDIJICHANGCHANGQUYANTUDIZHITIAOJIAN,ZHOUBIANHUANJINGFUZAQINGKUANG,DUIMINHANGZHUANYEWEIDAGONGCHENGCAIYONGFENJIGUANLI,ANZHAOFENBUFENXIANGGONGCHENGWEIHAICHENGDUBUTONGKEHUAFENWEIYIBANGONGCHENG、WEIDAGONGCHENGHECHAOWEIDAGONGCHENG(JIANFUBIAO2),YIBANXINGGONGCHENGHEWEIDAGONGCHENGYOUSHIGONGDANWEIBIANZHIANQUANZHUANXIANGFANGAN,BAOJIANLISHENPIHOUJIKEZUZHISHISHI,CHAOWEIDAGONGCHENGBIXUJINGGUOZHUANJIALUNZHENGPINGSHEN,YEZHUHEJIANLIGONGTONGJIANDUSHISHI。

4.3民航專業危大工程安全專項方案編制及專家評審

体球网即时比分WEIDAGONGCHENGANQUANJISHUCUOSHIZHUYAOTIXIANZAIZHUANXIANGSHIGONGFANGANDEBIANZHIHESHENCHA。SHIGONGDANWEIBIANZHIHAOSHIGONGANQUANZHUANXIANGFANGANHOU,XUBAOJIANLISHENCHA,ZAIANFENJIANQUANBIAOZHUNYOUZONGJIANPIZHUNSHISHI,DUIYUCHAOWEIDAGONGCHENGSHIGONGDANWEIHUANYINGYAOQINGANQUANZHUANJIAJINXINGFANGANLUNZHENG,FANGANTONGGUOHUOXIUGAITONGGUOHOUJIKEJINXINGSHIGONG。

体球网即时比分ANQUANSHIGONGZHUANXIANGFANGANBIANZHIDEYUANZEWEI:ANQUANDIYI,YUFANGWEIZHU。BIANZHIQIANXUYAODUIGONGCHENGXIANGMUJINXINGWEIXIANYUANSHIBIEHEFENGXIANPINGGU,BINGGENJUMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDETEDIAN、SHIGONGXIANCHANGHUANJING、SHIGONGFANGFA、LAODONGZUZHI、ZUOYESHOUDUAN,SHIYONGDEJIXIESHEBEIDENGQUEDINGANQUANFENGXIANDENGJIHECAIQUDEANQUANJISHUCUOSHI。ZHUANXIANGFANGANYINGFUHEKANCHA、SHEJIDANWEIDUISHIGONGDEYAOQIU,ZUOYECENGHEFUZHUYUJIEGOUDESHIGONGHEZAIBUDECHAOZAI,FANGANBIANZHISHENDUYINGMANZUSHIGONGYAOQIUBINGJINLIANGCAIYONGTUSHUOFANGSHIBIAODA,ZHISHAOYINGBAOKUOYIXIANEIRONG:GONGCHENGGAIKUANG,BIANZHIYIJU,SHIGONGJIHUA,SHIGONGGONGYIJISHU,SHIGONGANQUANBAOZHENGCUOSHI,SHIGONGGUANLIJIZUOYERENYUANPEIBEIHEFENGONG,YANSHOUYAOQIU,YINGJICHUZHICUOSHI,JISUANSHUJIXIANGGUANSHIGONGTUZHIDENG。

CHAOWEIDAGONGCHENGZHUANXIANGANQUANFANGANLUNZHENGHUIYOUSHIGONGDANWEIHUOZONGCHENGBAODANWEIZUZHI。JUTILIUCHENGWEI:CHOUQUZHUANJIA→FANGANYUSHEN→LUNZHENGHUIBINGXINGCHENGLUNZHENGBAOGAO→XUANDUBINGTIJIAOBAOGAO。

体球网即时比分ZHUANJIALUNZHENGDEZHUYAONEIRONG:ZHUANXIANGFANGANBIANZHIYIJUSHIFOUQIQUAN、QIANZHANGYOUXIAO;ZHUANXIANGFANGANNEIRONGSHIFOUWANZHENG、KEXING;ZHUANXIANGFANGANJISUANSHUHEYANSUANYIJUSHIFOUFUHEYOUGUANBIAOZHUNGUIFAN;ANQUANSHIGONGDEJIBENTIAOJIANSHIFOUMANZUXIANCHANGSHIJIQINGKUANG,JUYOUZHENDUIXINGHEKECAOZUOXING,FANGANXIANGGUANTUZHI、SHUOMINGDENGSHIFOUMANZUSHIGONGJIYANSHOUYAOQIU,BINGNENGGOUQUEBAOSHIGONGANQUAN;YINGJIYUANSHIFOUKEKAO。ZHUANJIALUNZHENGQIANZHUANXIANGFANGANYINGDANGTONGGUOSHIGONGDANWEISHENHEHEXIANGMUZONGJIANSHENCHA,ZHUANXIANGFANGANJINGLUNZHENGHOU,ZHUANJIAZUYINGTIJIAOLUNZHENGBAOGAO,DUILUNZHENGDENEIRONGTICHUMINGQUEDEYIJIAN,JIELUNWEITONGGUO、XIUGAIHOUTONGGUOHUOBUTONGGUO。DUILUNZHENGBAOGAOJIELUNWEITONGGUODE,SHIGONGDANWEIKECANKAOZHUANJIAYIJIANZIXINGXIUGAIWANSHAN,DUIXUZUOZHONGDAXIUGAIBUTONGGUODE,SHIGONGDANWEIYINGANZHAOLUNZHENGBAOGAOXIUGAIBINGZHONGXINZUZHIZHUANJIALUNZHENG,DUIXUYAOBUCHONGZILIAOHOUTONGGUODE,XIANGMUBUYINGYIJUZHUANJIASHENCHAYIJIANJINXINGXIUGAI,ZAIZHONGXINLVXINGSHENHE、SHENCHA、QIANZI、GAIZHANGSHOUXU。

5 加強民航專業危大工程施工專項安全管理的幾點建議

体球网即时比分WEIDAGONGCHENGDEANQUANGUANLIGONGZUOSHIYUXIANGMUKAIGONGQIAN,ZHONGYUWEIDAGONGCHENGDESHIGONGJIESHU。JIANSHE、KANCHA、SHEJI、SHIGONG、DISANFANGJIANCE、JIANDUJIGOU、PINGSHENZHUANJIAJUNWEIWEIDAGONGCHENGDEANQUANGUANLIZERENZHUTI,ZERENFENPEIBUTONG,DANZERENZHIJIANDEYINGXIANGSHIXIANGHUZHIYUEDE,CONGERCUJINGEFANGLVXINGXIANGYINGDEANQUANGUANLIZHIZE,SHIXIANCHAOWEIDAGONGCHENGDEANQUANSHIGONG。

?5.1盡快出臺行業安全技術標準,推動危大工程管控規范化

ZAIFANGWUJIANZHUHESHIZHENGJICHUGONGCHENGWEIDAGONGCHENGGUANLILILUNHESHIJIANDEJINGYANSHANG,JIEHEMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDEJISHUFAZHANBIANHUAQINGKUANG,JINKUAIZUZHIRENYUANBIANZHI《MINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGANQUANSHIGONGJISHUGUIFAN》,TONGSHICHUTAIQIESHIKEXING、KEXINGYOUXIAODE《MINHANGZHUANYEWEIXIANXINGJIAODADEFENBUFENXIANGGONGCHENGANQUANGUANLISHISHIXIZE》,JINYIBUMINGQUEMINHANGZHUANYEWEIDAGONGCHENGDEGUANLIFANWEI、BIAOZHUN、FALVZERENHECHUFACUOSHI。ZHONGDIANTUIJINMINHANGZHUANYEWEIDAGONGCHENGZHUANXIANGSHIGONGFANGANBIANZHIJISHUGUIDINGHESHENCHAYAODIANDEBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUO。

5.2 整合全行業資源,建立安全專家庫

JIANLIXINGYEGONGCHENGSHIGONGANQUANZHUANJIAKU,YINGMIANXIANGQUANMINHANGYEDEZHUANYEJISHURENYUANZHENGJIZHUANYEZHISHIZHASHI、SHIJIANFENGFUJINGYAN、ZERENXINQIANG、MANZUZIGENIANXIANTIAOJIANYAOQIUDEYANTUGONGCHENG、MOJIAGONGCHENG、DIAOZHUANGHECHAIXIEGONGCHENG、BAOPOJICHAICHUGONGCHENG、ANWAGONGCHENG、JIEGOUGONGCHENG、JICHANGGONGCHENGDENGXIANGGUANZHUANYEFANGMIANWEIDAGONGCHENGZHUANJIAZUCHENGZHUANJIAKU,TONGSHIZHIDINGMINHANGZHUANYEWEIDAGONGCHENGZHUANJIAKUGUANLIBANFAHEZHUANJIAKAOPING、CHENGXINDANGANGUANLICUOSHI,MINGQUEPINGSHENZHUANJIADEQUANLI、ZERENYIWUHEGONGZUOFANWEI,MINGQUEZHUANJIACHU、RUKUCHENGXU,ZHUANJIALUNZHENGGUIZE,DINGQIGONGBUZHUANJIAKAOHEQINGKUANG。

5.3強化現場安全管理措施,將不停航施工納入超危大工程范圍

BUTINGHANGSHIGONGGUANLISHIMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDEANQUANGUANLITESE,JUYOUSHIGONGXIAOLVDI、SHIGONGSHIJIANDUAN、XIEDIAOGONGZUOLIANGDA、TINGHANGHOUSHIGONG、GONGQIJIN、ZHUANYEDUO、SHIGONGDUICHANGXIAXIAO、SHIGONGXIANZHITIAOJIANDUODENGTEDIAN,CAIQUFANGANSHENPIZHIJINXINGGUANLI,JIANYIYIBINGNARUWEIDAGONGCHENGFANWEIGUANLI,TONGSHIDUIMINHANGZHUANYEWEIDAGONGCHENGDEJUTIFANWEIJINXINGXIHUA,BINGFUYIDUIYINGDEJISHUBIAOZHUNZUOWEIZHICHENG。RUSHANQUJICHANGKAIWAHUOTIANZHUXINGCHENGGAOBIANPODEWENTI,YIBANYI“GAODUHUOSHENDU”JIAYIGUANKONG,DUICHAOWEIDAGONGCHENGLAISHUOKONGZHIZHIBIAODANYI,YINGKAOLVJIANGDIZHIZAIXIANXINGPINGGUJIEGUOZUOWEIHUAFENBIAOZHUN。

5.4建立智慧管理平臺,對危大工程安全實行動態管理

CHONGFENLIYONGWANGLUOJISHUJIANLIQIZHIHUIXINGDEMINHANGZHUANYEWEIDAGONGCHENGGUANLIPINGTAI,SHISHIGONGXIANGMUDEZERENZHUTIDANWEI、PINGSHENZHUANJIAHEXINGYEJIANDUJIGOUTONGGUOPINGTAISHIXIANGUANLIMUBIAO:YISHIBIANYUSHIGONGQIYEZAIBIANZHIFANGANJIEDUANHUODEJISHUZHICHI,BIANYUJISHISHENQINGZHUANJIALUNZHENG;ERSHIFANGBIANPINGSHENZHUANJIADUIFANGANLUNZHENGJIEGUOJIHOUXUSHISHIQINGKUANGJINXINGGENZONG;SANSHIBIANYUXINGYEZHUGUANBUMENHEJIANDUJIGOUSUISHIZHANGWOGEDIWEIDAGONGCHENGSHULIANG、ZHUANXIANGFANGANDELUNZHENGQINGKUANG,YIJIFANGANSHISHIJINDU、YINHUANPAICHAZHILIHEZHUANXIANGFANGANYANSHOUDENG,CONGERTIGAOJIANGUANGONGZUODEZHENDUIXINGHEGUANLIXIAOLV。

5.5 完善應急救援方案,提高應急處理能力

YINGJIJIUYUANYUANZHIDESHIZHENDUIKENENGFASHENGDESHIGU、WEIXUNSU、YOUXUDIKAIZHANYINGJIXINGDONGERYUXIANZHIDINGDEXINGDONGFANGAN,SHIXIAOCHU、JIANSHAOSHIGUWEIHAI,FANGZHISHIGUKUODAHUOEHUA,ZUIDAXIANDUDIJIANGDISHIGUZAOCHENGDESUNSHIHUOWEIHAIERCAIQUDEJIUYUANCUOSHIHUOXINGDONG。WEIDAGONGCHENGXIANGMUSHIGONGQIAN,YINGBIANZHISHIGUYINGJICHULIFANGAN,BINGJIEHEJUTISHIGONGXIANCHANGQINGKUANGKAIZHANYINGJIJIUYUANYANLIAN,CONGERTIGAOGUANLIRENYUANHEZUOYERENYUANDESHIGUCHULINENGLI,ZUODAOLINWEIBULUAN,JIANSHAORENSHENANQUANHECAICHANSUNSHI。

5.6加大實施過程的監管,建立安全專項驗收制度

体球网即时比分WEIDAGONGCHENGDESHISHIBIXUZUODAOSHIGONGQIANYOUANQUANJISHUJIAODI,SHIGONGQUANGUOCHENGYOUJIANLIPANGZHAN,SHIGONGWANBIYOUYANSHOUHUOZONGJIEDEJIZHI。DUIYUDAXINGFUZADECHAOWEIDAGONGCHENGSHIGONGZHUANXIANGANQUANDEYANSHOUKEFENJIEDUANJINXING,YINBIJIEDUANWEIDAGONGCHENGDEYANSHOUSHIZHONGDIAN,YOUSHIGONGXIANGMUBUZUZHIDUIZHAOZHUANXIANGFANGANHEBIAOZHUN、GUIFAN、CAOZUOGUICHENGDEYAOQIUJINXINGYANSHOU,JIANLIXIANCHANGFUCHAHEGEHOUFANGKEJINRUXIAYIDAOGONGXU,SUOYOUYANSHOUJIANCHAQINGKUANGYINGJILUCUNDANG,BINGDINGQIGAOZHIJIANSHEDANWEIHUOANQUANXINGZHENGJIANDUJIGOUBEIANJIANCHA。

6 結束語

ANQUANSHIMINHANGGONGZUODEYONGHENGZHUTI。SHIGONGANQUANGUANLISHIZHONGGUANCHUANYUGONGCHENGXIANGMUJIANSHEDEQUANGUOCHENG,YINCIJIANLIANQUANZHUANXIANGGUANLIJIZHISHIGONGCHENGSHIGONGSHUNLISHISHIDEZHONGYAOBAOZHANG,TONGSHIZAIANQUANJIANGUANGONGZUOZHONG,BIXUBAWOMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDETEDIAN,ZHENDUIWEIDAGONGCHENGKENENGCHUXIANDEWENTISHIXIANJINXINGYUGUHEFANGFAN,CAIQUYOUXIAODEFANGZHICUOSHIJISHIXIAOCHUCUNZAIDEANQUANYINHUAN,BIMIANHUOJIANSHAOWEIDAGONGCHENGSHIGUDEFASHENG。

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參考文獻

  • 中人民共和國住房和城鄉建設部.建設部第37號令 危險性較大的分部分項工程安全管理規定[S].2018.3.8
  • 中人民共和國住房和城鄉建設部辦公廳.建辦質[2018]31號 關于實施《危險性較大的分部分項工程安全管理規定》有關問題的通知[S].2018.5.17
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