体球网即时比分

劉清貴:飛行訓練中應關注的問題

FEIXINGYUANDEJIBENGONGLAIZINALI?ZIRANSHILAIZIFEIXINGXUNLIAN。GUOYINGDEFEIXINGJISHUSHIBAOZHENGFEIXINGANQUANDEZHONGYAOJICHU。JIYUCI,CAIYOULE“JICHANGSHIBAOZHENGFEIXINGANQUANDEZUIHOUYIDAOGUANKOU”DECHANGSHI。FANSIJINNIANLAIFASHENGDEBUANQUANSHIJIAN,JIEHEDANGXIADEXIANSHI,JIUFEIXINGXUNLIANHEFEIXINGANQUANERYAN,WOMENYINGGAIGUANZHUNAXIEWENTINI?

張旭

  張旭制圖

  1、高度重視飛行作風的養成

体球网即时比分JINRI,BIZHEHEMOUHANGKONGGONGSIYUNXINGFUZONGCAILIAOQIFEIXINGYUANXUNLIAN。TAJIESHAOLEGONGSIDESANXIANGJUCUO:YISHITONGGUOKUAISUCUNQUJILUQI(QAR)SHUJUHECANGYINJIANKONG,HENZHUAFEIXINGGUANJIANJIEDUANDEZUOFENGYANGCHENG;ERSHIZHENDUIFEIXINGSHIJIXUYAO,MEIRENBUCHONGZHIZAITISHENGCAOZONGNENGLIDEZHENDUIXINGXUNLIAN,ZAIZHULUGUOCHENGZHONGJIAQIANG“JIXIANCEFENG+ZHENFENG”XUNLIAN;SANSHIZAINIANDUFUXUNSHIZENGJIAGUANMOHUANJIE,LIANGWEIFEIXINGYUANSHANGZUO,YIWEIZAIHOUMIANGUANMO,YIBIANGUANMOZHETIQIANJINRUXUNLIANQINGJING。LINGWAIYIJIAHANGKONGGONGSIDEJICHANGYEGAOSUBIZHE,GONGSIZHENGZAIJINXINGTISHENGFEIXINGYUANCAOZONGNENGLIDEZHUANXIANGXUNLIAN,KEMUSHIGAODU500YINGCHIDE“XIAOQILUO”,JI“DACEFENG+DIANBO”。QIXUNLIANXIJIEZHENGSHIBIZHEBUJIUQIANYUGAIGONGSIZHUGUANANQUANDELINGDAOTANTAOGUODEKEMUSHEZHI。

BIZHERENWEI,ZHEXIEDOUSHIFEICHANGJIEDIQIDEZHULAO“SANJI”DEZUOFA,ZHIDETUICHONG。

体球网即时比分JINJINIANLAI,ZHONGGUOMINHANGZHUZHONGJIAQIANGJICENG、JICHU、JIBENGONGJIANSHE。CONGGUANLICENGJISHANGSHUO,JICENGJIUSHIZHIJIECANYUHANGKONGQIYUNXINGDESHENGCHANYIXIAN,SHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGDEMEIYIGEHUANJIE、MEIYIGEGANGWEI、MEIYIGELIUCHENGYOUQISHI“DIYISHOUGONGZUOZHILIANG”,ZHIJIESHEJIFEIXINGANQUAN。YINCI,GONGZUOZHONGXIN、ZHIZELUOSHIYAOXIAYI,GUANLICENGYAOZUO“ZHENGQUEDESHI”,JICENGYAO“ZHENGQUEDIZUOSHI”。JICHU,ZEYINGLENEIJU“WANZHANGGAOLOUPINGDIQI,JICHUBULAODIDONGSHANYAO”。DUIYUFEIXINGANQUANLAISHUO,JICHUZHUYAOSHEJIMINHANGRENERSHUNENGXIANGDE“RENJIHUAN”ZHUYAOSU。JIBENGONG,ZESHIWANCHENGBENZHIGANGWEIGONGZUOSUOXUYAODEJIBENSUZHIHEJIBENJINENG。

QIANBUJIU,BIZHEYINGYAOCANJIALEDIQIJIEAOPAGUOJIFEIXINGXUNLIANZHANHUI。YOUCANHUIDAIBIAOBIAOSHI,MOUSHIGUDIAOCHACHULAIDEZUIGENBENYUANYINSHIJICHANGWUSHIGUIZHANG,ZAIDAODAZUIDIXIAJIANGGAODUZHIHOU,WEIJIANLIBIXUDEMUSHICANKAO,MANGMUXIAJIANG,ERQIEWUSHISUOYOUDEFEIXINGJINGGAO。WEISHENMEJICHANGHUIFANZHEYANGDECUOWU?JISHUBUGUOGUANSHIYIFANGMIAN,LINGYIFANGMIANFANYINGCHUBIXUGAODUZHONGSHIFEIXINGZUOFENGYANGCHENG。

GENJUTONGJI,DALIANGRENWEIBUANQUANSHIJIANDESHIZUOYONGZHEDOUSHIGONGZUOZUOFENGSONGXIE。MINHANGJUXIANHOUSHISHILE“WUFANG”ZHENGZHI,JINERCHUTAILEGUANYUJIAQIANGFEIXINGZUOFENGYANGCHENGDEXIANGGUANZIXUNTONGGAO。BUSHAOHANGKONGGONGSIHUANTONGGUOJIAZHUANGCANGYINSHEBEI、JIANTINGFEIXINGGUANJIANJIEDUAN“BIAOZHUNHANHUA”LAIGUIFANJIZUDEFEIXINGZUOFENG。FEIXINGZUOFENGDEYANGCHENGSHIANQUANSUOXU,YESHIDAYEZHIJU,YINGGAICHANGZHUABUXIE。FEIXINGZUOFENGZHASHIXIZHI,KEYIMIBUXUDUOANQUANBUZU。FANZHI,ZEHUISHIGUIZHANGBIAOZHUNSHIXIAO,CUOSHIWUYONG。WEILETISHENGXIAOGUOHEZHUAZHIYOUWU,BIZHEJIANYIJIANGFANGZHIFEIXINGCHACUODELIUDAGONGJUZHIYINGYONG,YOUJIDIGUANCHUANDAOFEIXINGZUOFENGJIANSHEDEQUANLIUCHENGZHIZHONG。ZHELIUDAGONGJUYICISHIBIAOZHUNCHENGXU、BIAOZHUNHANHUA、JIANCHADAN、JIAOCHAJIANCHA、FEIXINGJIANLINGHEZHILINGFUSONGYUZHENGSHI。

 2、飛行員駕駛崗位是能力崗位

MEITIBAODAO,ELUOSIZONGTONGPUJING11YUE21RIZAIKELIMULINGONGXIANGJINNIAN8YUEJIASHIKEJIPOJIANGMOSIKEJIAOWAIYUMIDI、WANJIU200DUORENXINGMINGDEYINGXIONGJICHANGYOUSUBOFUHEFUJIASHIMUERJINSHOUYU“ELUOSIYINGXIONG”XUNZHANG。ERZAIZHONGGUO,YOUYIWEIJICHANGDEZHENSHISHIJIANGENGJIAJINGXIAN,BINGQIEBEIGAIBIANCHENGDIANYING《ZHONGGUOJICHANG》,QIZHURENGONGJIUSHICHUANHANGJICHANGLIUCHUANJIAN。

体球网即时比分MEIGUOSALIJICHANG、ELUOSIYOUSUBOFUJICHANGHEZHONGGUOLIUCHUANJIANJICHANGDEYINGXIONGSHIJIBIAOMING,FEIXINGYUANJIASHIGANGWEIBIXUSHINENGLIGANGWEI。MUQIAN,JIASHICANGTONGXING“ERRENZHI”JIZU(JICHANG+FUJIASHI)。GUOQU,RENMENWANGWANGJIANGFUJIASHIDINGWEIWEI“XIAOGENBAN”“XUETUGONG”;ERJIN,YIJINGJIANGQICONGBUCAOZONGDEFEIXINGYUAN(PNF)GENGXINWEIJIANKONGFEIXINGYUAN(PM)。FUJIASHIBUDANYAOLVXINGHAOGUOQUYAOQIUDESUOYOUZHIZE,HUANBEIFUYULEJIANKONGZHENGGEFEIXINGDEZHIZE(BAOKUOJIANSHIJICHANGDEMEIYIBUCAOZONGDONGZUO)。FUJIASHIGANGWEIHEJICHANGGANGWEIYIYANGZHONGYAO。DUIJICHANGYAOQIUYANGESHIDUIDE,DUIFUJIASHIDEPEIXUNYUKAOHEYEBUNENGHANHU。YAOBINGQINEIZHONGBUZHONGSHIFUJIASHIGANGWEI,SHENZHIJIANGQISHIWEI“YIGEKUANG”DESHISUGUANDIAN(DANGBULEJICHANGDEFEIXINGYUAN,JIUZAIFUJIASHIGANGWEISHANGDUGUOZIJIDEZHIYESHENGYA)。YINCISHUO,DUIJICHANG、FUJIASHIDEXUNLIAN,JUEDABUFENYINGTIHUANWEIDUICAOZONGFEIXINGYUANHEJIANKONGFEIXINGYUANZHIYEJIAOSEDEXUNLIAN。DUICHENGCHANGZHONGDE“WEILAIJICHANG”,GENGYING“CONGWAWAZHUAQI”。

体球网即时比分LINGWAI,FEIXINGCAOZONGLIBUKAIJINENGSHUXINGDEFANCHOU。SUIZHUSHIJIANDETUIYI,JINENGWANGWANGHUIFASHENGBODONGSHENZHITUIHUA。YINCI,ZAINIANDUFUXUNZHONG,YAOYOUYISHIDISHEZHIBINGKAOHEYIXIENENGCUJINJINENGHUIFUHEBAOCHIDEKEMU,BANGZHUFEIXINGYUANZHONGXINSHULIANZHANGWOGANGWEISUOXUDECAOZONGJINENG。DUIDABUDAOGANGWEIJIBENYAOQIUDE,YINGGAI“HUILUJIAGONG”,BUCHONGXUNLIAN。GONGSISHISHIJISHUJIANCHASHI,ZHONGDIANSHIFAXIANBEIJIANCHARENDENENGLIBIANJIEJIJISHU(ANQUAN)DUANBANHUOZHEQUEXIAN,ZAIRENWUQIANPAISHANGJINXINGYIXIEBIYAODEXIANZHI。WEIFANGZHIWUPANYIJICHUXIANRENWEIPIANJIAN,YINGJIEZHUYIXIEFUZHUGONGJU(RUQAR)HUOZHELIANGMINGJIANCHAYUANTONGCHANGJIANCHA、QUANCHENGLUXIANG。DUIYUZHONGYAOGUANKOUDEJISHUSHENGJI,YINGSHISHIZHUJIJIANCHA,JISHUPINGSHENWEIYUANHUIJITIBAGUAN。

3、培養過硬的飛行技術

体球网即时比分ZAIFEIXINGXUNLIANZHONG,BIXUZUNXUNJIAOYUHEXUNLIANGUILV。FEIXINGJISHUXUNLIANDEJIAOXUEYOUBIEYUCHANGGUIDEZHISHIJIAOYU,TUCHUTEDIANZAIYUJINENGCHUANSHOU,JIASHICHUYUSANWEIKONGJIANGAOSUYUNDONGZHUANGTAIDEHANGKONGQISHISHIJIAOXUE,BUDANYAOKOUKOUXIANGCHUAN,HUANYAOSHOUSHOUXIANGCHUAN。YINCI,ZUOWEIFEIXINGJIAOYUAN,BUDANYAODONGJIAOYUXUE、XINLIXUEZHISHI,HUANYAOSHULIANYUNYONGSHIFAN、TISHIHEFANGSHOUDENGTESHUDEJIAOXUESHOUDUAN。JIAOXUEJIBENGONGHUANZAIYUSHANYUCONGZHUSIMAJIZHONGFAXIANXUEYUANDEFEIXINGCUOWUBINGFENXIYUANYIN,TONGGUOYOUXIAODEJIAOXUESHOUDUANJIUZHENGCUOWU。DUIFEIXINGJIAOYUANLAISHUO,BUDANYAOXUNLIANFEIXINGJISHU,HUANYAOZHONGDIANPEIXUNQIJIAOXUECHUANSHOUNENGLI。DUIHANGKONGGONGSILAISHUO,YAOZHUAHAOFEIXINGJIANCHAYUAN、JIAOYUAN、JICHANGHEFUJIASHIDUIWUJIANSHE。ZHUAJIAOXUEZU,JIUSHIYAOZHUAJIAOXUEFANGFAYANJIUYUJIAOLIU。JIYAOZHONGSHIJISHUCHENGCHANG,HUANYAOZHONGSHIRUHEJIAO、RUHEXUEDEWENTI。

BUSHAOFEIXINGBUANQUANSHIJIANSHICAOZONGZHECHANGGUIJISHUBUSHULIANDAOZHIDE。CHANGGUIJISHUBINGBUSHENMI,ZHUYAOTIXIANZAIJIBENJIASHIJISHUSHANG。AIYUMEIYOUGENGDUOTONGHANGFEIXINGJIHUIDEMOLI,YIJIHANGBANSHENGCHANZHONGSHOUDONGCAOZONGJIHUIBUDUO,ZAIJIASHANGNIANDUFUXUNSHIJIANBAOGUI,QIEZHONGDIANFUGAIANQUANFENGXIANPIANGAODEGAONANDUKEMU,YOUDEJIZUZAIZHUANWEIRENGONGCAOZONGHOU,XIUZHENGPIANCHADENENGLIBUQIANG,WANGWANGKONGZHIBUZHUFEIJIGUANXING,FASHENGFEIJIPIANCHU、CHONGCHUPAODAOSHENZHICAFADONGJI、CAJIWEIDENGYANZHONGBUANQUANSHIJIAN。

YINCI,JIANYIZAI《MINYONGHANGKONGQIJIASHIYUANXUEXIAOHEGESHENDINGGUIZE》(CCAR141BU)FEIXINGYUANXIAOCHUSHIPEIXUNZHONG,SHIDANGZENGJIAYIXIETEJIKEMUDEXUNLIAN,ZHEDUITIGAOKONGZHIFEIJIYUNDONGZHUANGTAIDENENGLIFEICHANGYOUXIAO,LIYUJIZUGAICHUFUZAZHUANGTAI。WEILETIGAOJIZUXIUZHENGZHULUPIANCHADENENGLI,DUIQUANDONGMONIJIXUNLIANYOUSANDIANJIANYI:YISHIFEIJIZHULUJINRUPAODAOHOU,BUSHOUXIAOYOUMEN,BAOCHI5YINGCHI~10YINGCHIGAODU,CAOZONGFEIJIZAIPAODAOZHONGXINXIANLIANGCEYANSXIANYUNDONG,MUDEZAIYUTIGAOFEIXINGYUANKONGZHIFEIJIDAIPODUZUOYOUDIAOZHENGWEIZHIDENENGLI,XIANGRANGFEIJILUONALIJIUNENGLUONALI。ERSHIBUSHOUXIAOYOUMEN,BAOCHISUDU,RANGFEIJIZAIPAODAOSHANGKONGYAN10YINGCHI~30YINGCHIGAODUSHANGXIAQIFUFEIXING,YIDUANLIANJIZUPANDUANHEKONGZHIGAODUDECAOZONGNENGLI。SANSHIYONGPAODAOKUANDUDE1/2HUO1/4LUODI,QIANGHUAJIZUKONGZHIZHULUFANGXIANG、WEIZHIDENENGLI。LEISIFANGFAYONGSHISHAO,DANGUANYONG。

体球网即时比分GUANYUXUNLIANNANDUWENTI,LILAIYOULIANGZHONGGUANDIAN,YIZHONGSHIHANGBANFEIXINGSHISHENMEQINGKUANGJIUSHEZHISHENMEQINGKUANG,LINGYIZHONGSHICONGNANCONGYANXUNLIAN。40NIANDEFEIXINGJINGLIRANGBIZHEGENGQINGXIANGYUHOUZHE。YINWEIFEIXINGYUANZAIXUNLIANGUOCHENGZHONGWANGWANGMEIYOUANQUANYALI;ERZAISHIJIFEIXINGZHONG,YIDANWAIJIEQINGKUANGFUZA,XINBIANBUYOUZIZHUDIXUANQILAI,JISHUNENGLIHUIXIAJIANG。YINCI,ZAIMONIJISHANGSHIDUJIADAXUNLIANNANDU,SHIFUZERENDEZUOFA。LINGWAI,JIANGKAOSHIBIAOZHUNSHIDANGTIGAO,QIESHIFAHUIHAOKAOSHIZHEGENZHIHUIBANGDEYINLINGZUOYONG,XIAOGUOWANGWANGSHIBANGONGBEI。MINHANGFEIXINGYUANXUNLIANBUYIZHUIQIU“WANGPAIFEIXINGYUAN”SHIGUODUXUNLIAN,ZHIYAONENGWANQUANFUGAIQIYUNXINGXUQIUJIKE。JIYUMEITAOJIZUYOUQISHIZERENJICHANGDESHIJIFEIXINGNENGLI,ZAIPAIQIANFEIXINGRENWUSHI,GUANLIZHEZAITIANQIBIAOZHUN、YUNXINGHUANJINGSHANGYAOLIUYOUYUDI,BUKEYIDAOQIE,YISHIDUFANGKUANQIANPAIBIAOZHUN。ZHEYIDIAN,ZHIBANLINGDAOZAISHENHEPIZHUNFEIXINGJIHUASHI,YOUQIYAOZHENGDAYANJING。

  (作者系機長、中國民航飛行校驗中心主任、民航局特聘專家、交通運輸部專家委員會委員)

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